English to Tamil Online Typing
Looking for an easy way to write in Tamil using your English keyboard? Worry no more! ILoveTyping.com presents online English to Tamil conversion tool which can convert anything you write in English language to Tamil language. So just type your Telugu words in English, the way you do while chatting and our tool will take care of rest of the things. If you like our tool, then don't forget to share it with your family & friends.
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உங்கள் ஆங்கில விசைப்பலகை பயன்படுத்தி தமிழில் எழுத எளிதான வழி தேடுகிறாரா? இனி கவலை வேண்டாம்! ஆங்கில மொழிக்கு ஆங்கில மொழியில் நீங்கள் எதையுமே மாற்ற முடியும். எனவே ஆங்கிலத்தில் உங்கள் தெலுங்கு வார்த்தைகளைத் தட்டச்சு செய்து, அரட்டை அடிக்கும்போது நீங்கள் செய்யும் வழி, எங்கள் கருவி மற்ற பொருட்களை கவனித்துக்கொள்ளும். எங்கள் கருவியை நீங்கள் விரும்பினால், அதை உங்கள் குடும்பத்தாரும் நண்பர்களும் பகிர்ந்து கொள்ள மறக்காதீர்கள்.
History of Tamil Language
Prodigiously spoken in the present-day South Asian countries of India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, and Singapore, Tamil is one of the most ancient languages in the world. And because it is thousands of years old, it is hard to tell when exactly was it formed. Some linguistic scholars say that it came into being around the 500 BCE based on early cave inscriptions, while others suggest that it dates even further back.
An interesting fact is that despite its age, it is the only oldest living language in the world. By ‘living’, we mean that people still speak the same old language (proto-Tamil) with very few changes to its grammar and lexicon. If you present the ancient classic ‘Tirukkural’ to a modern-day Tamil speaking person, he/she can read it with very little effort.
Linguistic Classification –
Tamil belongs to the Dravidian language family of which languages such as Telugu, Kannada, and Malayalam are also a part. Some other Dravidian languages include Kurukh and Gondi, which are spoken by scheduled tribes in Eastern and Central India respectively.
To understand this better, let’s take a glance at how the Dravidian languages branched out.
The most archaic Dravidian language (said to be over 4,500 years old) was known as proto-Dravidian, which got divided into North, Central, and South Dravidian Languages.
· North Dravidian further split into Brahui and Kurukh-Malto
· Central Dravidian evolved into Kolami, Ollari, Naiki, and Gadaba
· South Dravidian gave rise to Proto-Tamil and Proto-Kannada. Malayalam was a part of proto-Tamil until the 9th century. After that, it became unassociated through Sanskritization.
From South Dravidian, another sub-group called South Central Dravidian was created. Telugu and Gondi languages belong to this sub-group.
Origin of the Tamil Language –
Tamil was originally the language of the Dravidians, who are said to be natives of the Indian sub-continent. However, many studies also suggest that Dravidians and their language have a connection to the Indus Valley Civilization wherefrom people moved down south in the 2nd millennium BCE, post the civilization’s atrophy.
Then came the Chola and Pandya dynasties who ruled through 5th century BCE – 3rd century CE. During this period, there was a colossal swell in the realm of culture and literature. The kings created literary assemblies for further development of the Tamil language. These literary assemblies involved many great poets and their gatherings were known as ‘Sangams’.
There were a total of 3 Sangams. The first one took place at Madurai, the second one was held at Kapatapuram, and the third one was summoned in northern Madura. Unfortunately, most of the written works and compositions in Madurai were lost to sea.
‘Tolkappiyam’, written in the second Sangam in the form of ‘Noorpa’ (or concise compositions) was the only early written work that could ever be retrieved. It serves as a solid evidence of how old Tamil grammar really is.
The Three Tamil Periods –
Based on the evolution of grammar, pronunciations, alphabets, and vocabulary, the Tamil language was divided into 3 periods:
1. Old Tamil – This period lasted from 300 BCE until 700 CE. Some of the oldest records of inscriptions written in Brahmi script (aka Tamil Brahmi), were found on the cave walls during this time. The Sangam age was also part of the Old Tamil period. Old Tamil only consisted of two tenses – the past and the non-past.
2. Middle Tamil – This period lasted from 700 CE to 1200 CE. By this time, the Pallavas and the Pandyas had taken over and Tamil welcomed several Sanskrit elements into its language. Another main feature of Middle Tamil is the introduction of the ‘present’ tense. Even the script changed from Brahmi and Vatteluttu to Pallava Grantha.
Kamba Ramayanam’, a Tamil epic that took inspiration from the original Ramayana (written in Sanskrit) was also written during this time.
3. Modern Tamil – This period came into existence in 1600 and is still being in the present time. It evolved as a result of interaction between Dravidians and Indo-Aryans which sanskritized the language further. Plus, the Dravidians were in contact with the Europeans for the purpose of trade. This brought more foreign elements into Tamil. There was a noticeable change in the shape of the Tamil alphabets as well.
Later in the 20th century, Tamil purists started a movement with an aim to get rid of all the foreign elements in order to retain the authenticity of proto-Tamil.
A common notion held by many of us is that Sanskrit is the only ancient language of the Indian sub-continent. But we now know that Tamil is equally antique. In fact, it has also been declared as a ‘classical’ language by UNESCO on the basis that the language is ancient, original, and has a massive collection of archaic literary works.
Unlike Sanskrit, Tamil has maintained a continuum in its literary tradition, beating other Dravidian languages like Malayalam, Kannada, and Telugu. This continuation can be seen evidently in poems, inscriptions, and religious texts. Though there maybe some changes in the grammar and terminology, the core structure remains the same.
Today, Tamil stands as the official language of Tamil Nadu and Puducherry, and boasts of 74 million native speakers.